Paradoxically, it is easier to perform a sham trial in surgery, the most invasive physical act, than in physiotherapy because the patient is asleep when it is delivered. Physical therapy involves physical acts that are hard to imitate as placebo treatment, but the influence of the patient-therapist interaction makes it important to tease out any placebo effect. Researchers have, however, performed sham trials in physiotherapy.
Saturday, 15 August 2015
Migraine is common, affecting millions of people worldwide. A patent foramen ovale (PFO – a ‘hole in the heart’ that lets blood cross from the right heart to the left) is common as well, present in about 30% of people. When cardiologists started surgically closing PFOs, they noticed that many patients with migraine got better. As with the discovery of any association in medicine, theories of a causal link soon followed, and doctors started treating migraine by closing the hole in the heart; before properly testing it, of course.